Motivation is the inner force that stimulates a person to take action. In another definition it is referred as a process that arouses, sustains and regulates healthy behaviors. Motivation is a dynamic process which engulfs an interaction of personal factors, behavior and the environment, therefore internal and external factors.
It should be noted that not all these factors interact equally, since they are dependent on the individual’s psychological and spiritual characteristics. Motivation has been associated with self-efficacy.
Maintaining health behaviour is dependent upon the individual’s perception of abilities to successfully initiate, sustain and fulfil a task. Promoting self-motivation and self-efficacy is likely to result in increased participation and compliance.