Mindful Meditation for Individuals with Asthma and Anxiety: Promising Results from a Multiple Baseline Study
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that over 25 million Americans are currently diagnosed with, including eight percent of adults and over nine percent of children. The rates of asthma diagnosis have been rising over the past three decades in the U.S., and are expected to continue to increase. The financial cost to society is also very high. Further, for those who suffer from asthma directly, this condition resulted in an annual total of 1.8 million emergency room visits and an average of 3.6 nights stay in the hospital upon admission. In addition to emergency situations, asthmatic symptoms may regularly cause discomfort and negatively impact physical functioning. Additionally, maintenance visits and daily care often result in missed work for adults and missed class time among children and adolescents.
Aside from the physical ailments associated with the disease, children and adults with asthma frequently experience co-occurring anxiety, which further adds to the impact that asthma, can have on an individual’s functioning. The symptoms of asthma can increase an individual’s anxiety, just as the symptoms of anxiety can increase an individual’s asthmatic reaction. Therefore, the two conditions often work against each other to further complicate life for the afflicted individual.