The metabolic demands among U-19 basketball players were studied; however, physical and physiological demands of U-19 basketball refereeing during competition are rather scant. The aim of this study was to analyze the energy expenditure (EE) and the exercise intensity of basketball refereeing during official game and determined as Metabolic Equivalent (METs). Sixteen elite level basketball referees were studied during U-19 basketball games (n=8) for time motion analyses (TMA).
The EE data were calculated, using specific equations, from the time spent by the referee in each exercise-intensity zone. During game, referees spent a mean EE of 504.4 ± 77.7 kcal. A significant difference was observed between 113.5 ± 18.2 kcal in the 1st quarter (Q1) and 137 ± 27.5 kcal in the Q4 (p=0.007). The averaged EE (~5 kcal.kg-1.h-1) corresponded to “moderate energy intensity” (~5 METs) with a large contribution of the aerobic energy pathway.
The Urinary Incontinence (UI) is a kind of lower urinary tract dysfunction that may happen when there are alterations in the physiologic urination process. The use of therapeutic exercises has shown itself very efficient in the treatment of UI, with the objective of improving the efficiency of the urethral sphincter during the intraabdominal pressure raise periods. Evaluate the efficiency of the perineal exercises and vaginal electrostimulation on the quality of life of women bearers of urinary incontinence. Method: About 10 patients with urinary incontinence (UI) were submitted to a series of perineal exercises and electrostimulation. A UI specific questionnaire “Incontinence Quality of Life Instrument” (I-QOL) was used for the evaluation of the patients.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition affecting 2-6% of the US population, and is characterized by widespread pain, tenderness, and various associated features, including fatigue, morning stiffness, unrefreshing sleep, and cognitive symptoms and physical and psychological impairment. Fibromyalgia has a major impact on quality of life (QOL). It has been shown that women with fibromyalgia have QOL below the general population and comparably lower than patients with other chronic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, permanent ostomy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, insulin-dependent diabetes, advanced cancer, or congestive heart failure.
Inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) provide rehabilitation care to patients after an injury, sickness, or surgery. Not every patient will require these services, but a significant number do utilize these services. Rehabilitation programs at IRFs include physical and occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, and prosthetic and orthotic devices.
According to recent evidence for adult stroke rehabilitation, no single physiotherapy treatment approach is superior to the other therapies in improving mobility of stroke patient. In addition, a recent international guideline for adult stroke rehabilitation suggested that the effectiveness of neurophysiological approaches including Bobath, Brunnstrum and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation compared with other treatment approaches for motor retraining after acute stroke has not been established.
When no single approach is better than others, therapists move one step forward from individual treatment approach to mixture of approach in treating stroke patient. In fact, most therapists already provide mixture of approaches during the rehabilitation process for each individual patient but one may suppose that a different combination of treatment approaches will not generate significant differences in functional outcome.
The article proposes a set of metrics for evaluation of patient performance in physical therapy exercises. Taxonomy is employed that classifies the metrics into quantitative and qualitative categories, based on the level of abstraction of the captured motion sequences. Further, the quantitative metrics are classified into modeless and model-based metrics, in reference to whether the evaluation employs the raw measurements of patient performed motions, or whether the evaluation is based on a mathematical model of the motions.
The term “cerebral palsy” is used when the cerebral insult has occurred before birth, around the time of birth or up to the age of about 3 years, while the brain is still undergoing rapid development. Disorders of movement and posture are caused by damage to the motor cortex. In addition to postural and motor abnormalities, which are always present, people with CP may exhibit learning disabilities, other cognitive and sensory impairments, hearing and visual loss, speech and language disorders, emotional problems, orthopaedic complications and epilepsy. The consequences of chronic muscle imbalance and the resultant deformities can cause increasing disability with age. One of the most significant problems in children with CP is defective postural control.