physical therapy journal
With decreased funding for staff, and increased regulatory requirements to prevent seclusions and restraints, psychiatric inpatient units for youth have struggled to maintain a safe and therapeutic environment. With the goal of offering youth alternative strategies for processing or modulating their emotional states, as well as to expose them to normative coping skills that they may choose to continue following an inpatient hospitalization, the psychiatric inpatient units at a large children’s hospital approached this dilemma by integrating a number of complementary and alternative medicine approaches into their milieu therapy, including yoga therapy. In this hospital, a registered children’s yoga teacher, who also had Licensed Professional Counselor status through the State of Colorado, offered 60-90 min group yoga therapy sessions weekly to all patients in the adolescent inpatient unit, the adolescent day treatment program, and the eating disorders program beginning in 2005. Milieu staff could choose to continue to offer videotaped yoga sessions to youth during other less structured times on the units as well.
Strategies including medication, counseling, physiotherapy and relaxation techniques are used widely to address the physical and the mental needs of the adults suffering from mental illness.
Little research has been taken up so far related to young adolescents in this regard. A study in this direction found ‘Group Yoga Therapy’ as a tool to motivate the mentally retarded young adolescents through energizing, relaxing, and balanced energizing intervention activities. The study found immediate impact on the mood states of youth with serious mental illness. The study recommends integrating group yoga therapy as a tool in the psychiatric treatment.
Neck pain is the complaint which can hurt anyone in the society at least once the life and may cause interruption of day to day activities. The intensity of pain varies from one individual to individual depending upon the cause from simple mechanical neck pain to discogenic pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate and identify the disability due to neck pain at first session of physical therapy.
The data has been collected from all the participants on neck disability index to prior to the physical therapy intervention to measure the level of disability due to neck pain. The result yield that the participants took consultation of physical therapist with moderate level of disability. Although the physical therapist can plan a good prognosis at moderate disability, there is still a lot work to do to avoid and treat the patient with neck pain prior to become disabled moderately.
Prerequisites for Teaching Mindfulness and Meditation, Experienced Teachers from Different Traditions Share their Insights
Several authors have suggested demands and requirements for teaching mindfulness and meditation. In the scientific literature there is however a lack of evaluation of mindfulness teachers and how to teach mindfulness meditation effectively.
This study aims at providing deeper insight of the importance of the teachers in the field of mindfulness and meditation and it investigates how mindfulness and meditation teachers describe the prerequisites for teaching mindfulness and meditation. The method of Thematic Analysis, TA, was utilized to analyse the data from semi-structured interviews conducted with twelve experienced teachers, from different mindfulness and meditation traditions. The participants are mindfulness and meditation teachers from either within the Buddhist, secular or both Buddhist and secular contexts.
Credentialing and Policy Update for Yoga Teachers and Yoga Therapists: Implications for Yoga Research and Yoga Therapy Research
In January 2016, Yoga Journal and Yoga Alliance (YA) released the 2016 Yoga in America Study. According to this study, the number of people participating in yoga in the United States has surged from 20.4 million in 2012 to over 36 million at the beginning of 2016. For the 2,021 persons over the age of 18 who were surveyed, the top three reasons given for participating in yoga practice were enjoyment, health benefits, and stress relief.
The surge in the popularity of yoga and its use to enhance health and reduce stress begs the question, “What oversight exists to assure the safety and welfare of the more than 36 million yoga practitioners?” The answer comes in the form of self-regulation of the industry by YA and the International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT) and the voluntary participation by yoga teachers and yoga therapists.
This short review provides an important perspective on soft tissue manipulation/mobilization (STM) as a powerful and direct form of mechano therapy, which has significant implications in physical rehabilitation, disease prevention and health promotions. STM, e.g. therapeutic massage, whether administered by hand alone or with a rigid device, is a type of manual therapy frequently used by clinicians worldwide to address common musculoskeletal pain disorders. It is a type of mechano therapy which applies non-invasive mechanical stimuli to the surface of the body so as to influence molecular, cell and tissue structure and function via mechano transduction, ultimately leading to improved clinical outcomes.
A brief overview of mechano transduction is provided, with a focus on the ECM-integrin cytoskeleton pathway, and the impact of STM mechanical stimulus on different tissue types are considered in this article. On-going research is suggested to further validate STM as a viable, cost-effective treatment option in an aging population and the clinical relevance of STM is discussed. STM intervention should be approached as a prescription, a targeted and precise form of mechano therapy in which optimal dose pressures and frequencies are delivered to achieve desired outcomes and advance the field of soft tissue manual therapies.
The International Association for the Study of Pain defined neuropathic pain as “pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system”. The prevalence of chronic pain is about 30-50% among patients with cancer and this rate increases to about 70-90% in patients with advanced disease. The prevalence of neuropathic pain is estimated to be nearly 31.4% in patients with cancer pain.
The various factors that can lead to neuropathic pain in cancer patients can be classified as; (a) caused directly by cancer for instance tumour infiltration or compression of nerves, plexus, or roots, (b) caused by the treatment of cancer such as post-surgical neuropathic pain, damage due to radiation induced fibrosis and chemotherapy induced neuropathy.
With advancements in research, diagnostic tools, treatment modalities the life expectancy in cancer patients has been prolonged, thus increasing the need for a better quality of life. By controlling pain, we can improve the quality of life in patients with cancer and in those who are in need of palliative care.