public administration journal articles

Conflict Management in Organization: Gender Perspective

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The word Conflict means to fight or to struggle for something. There are other variables that relate to conflict such as crisis which has an emotional and spontaneous aspect and has a duration that is not that Long.

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Dispute is another variable and it has a sense of quarrelsomeness. Litigations is also another variable which based on a question of interpretation aspects. A disagreement is contestation between two or more parties about opinions on respective interest. Conflict possesses all of the above mentioned attributes. For this the issue of conflict in organization is serious and every hand must be managed to help the organization to forge ahead.

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Parochial Political Culture: The Bane of Nigeria Development

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Nigeria is a rich country whose economy has been mismanaged over the years. The excellent investment opportunities have been affected by unstable political atmosphere and threats to security of life and property (Abimboye, 2010:18).

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Nigeria has been crawling development wise when it should be running fast after her independence. President Jonathan saw the failure of leadership as the greatest obstacle to the desired growth-political and economic. This statement falls in line with the views of those Western European leaders of the 1930’s who believed that the economic system would be favourable if only earnest and God fearing men are in command of its destinies.

Leadership at the School Level: A Growing Global Concern

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Academic Performance

Leadership is a process of social influence where a person is able to exert his/her support to other in accomplishing certain tasks. As the saying goes, leaders are not born but they are made over a period of time. Leadership in schools however remained a global concern and Jamaica is not an exception to it. Top leadership’s decisiveness plays a key role in grooming future leaders. It exhibits considerable influence on students learning abilities and  curriculum plays a special role in doing so.

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Creating Awareness on Vision and Mission Statements among Employee of Ebonyi State University, Nigeria: A Discourse

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The research was carried out to investigate the place of awareness on vision and mission statements among employee of Ebonyi State University-Nigeria; focusing on the implementation and challenges facing the objectives of the cherished statements. A theoretical analysis was adopted to achieve the purpose of the study. The result of the findings indicates that employees in Ebonyi State University are not accustomed with vision and mission statements. The study recommends that the University principal Officers should engage in a campaign on the primary role of these statements and how each employee’s activity may help reposition the organization and achieve greater performance and motivate members concerned.

Vision and Mission

Vision and mission statements have been considered by both practitioner and professional alike as a vital instrument for strategic management process especially public and private organizations. It is assumed that a good vision and mission statements drives strategy and reposition organization motivate and infuse greater performance among employee. Similarly, significant number of universities in Nigeria have vision and mission statements which in order words maybe effective or dominant because the relevant stakeholders seems not to know or understand what the organization stands for both present and future. The situation as it may has created a gap and such need to be closed and create awareness among employee will go a long way to achieve the organizational goal, considering primary objective of the university like teaching, learning, and research and community development.

Art Bill Still Pending, When Will Surrogates Get Their Due Share in India?

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In the global medical markets, with the breakthrough in science and biotechnology, ‘Bodies’ and its ‘parts’ can be sold, purchased or even stolen. Around the world, with growing infertility, couples are moving across borders to bear their own biological child, using assisted and New Reproductive Technologies (NRT), culminating into what is called ‘reproductive tourism’ or ‘fertility tourism’.

Art Bill

There are different perspectives to see the process of surrogacy, especially the gestational commercial, where the third person a ‘surrogate’ bears child/children, for nine months without any genetic relations, only to relinquish to the commissioning couple for a cost. Clearly there are strict laid down rules and regulations in many countries, where altruistic surrogacy is allowed but commercial surrogacy is completely banned and is illegal.

When Will Surrogates Get Their Due Share in India?

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In the global medical markets, with the breakthrough in science and biotechnology, ‘Bodies’ and its ‘parts’ can be sold, purchased or even stolen. Around the world, with growing infertility, couples are moving across borders to bear their own biological child, using assisted and New Reproductive Technologies (NRT), culminating into what is called ‘reproductive tourism’ or ‘fertility tourism’. There are different perspectives to see the process of surrogacy, especially the gestationalcommercial, where the third person a ‘surrogate’ bears child/children, for nine months without any genetic relations, only to relinquish to the commissioning couple for a cost. Clearly there are strict laid down rules and regulations in many countries, where altruistic surrogacy is allowed but commercial surrogacy is completely banned and is illegal.

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The IVF clinics are mushrooming across big and small cities, with 3000 fertility clinics across India3, thanks to growing infertility problem globally and locally. ‘Medical tourism’ (MT) is seen as a multi-billion business in India earning foreign exchange. Reproductive tourism is a major component of MT, practiced much more in smaller IVF clinics, compared to big hospitals. CII in its latest report estimated 10,000 foreigners visit India for ART4, and many couples opted for surrogacy in India. Government sees this huge potential to earn GDP, as is seen and projected for Medical Tourism.