rehabilitation journal open access
Inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) provide rehabilitation care to patients after an injury, sickness, or surgery. Not every patient will require these services, but a significant number do utilize these services. Rehabilitation programs at IRFs include physical and occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, and prosthetic and orthotic devices.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant problem in both the pediatric and adult populations. Approximately 500,000-700,000 pediatric TBI incidents and 2.5 million adults are suffered from TBI every year. TBI is ranged from mild to severe and its management depends of the severity of the injury.
Hemiplegic stroke is a critical medical condition that may lead to partial or complete paralysis of the body. Treatment includes medication and physical exercise essential for the patients to regain normality in their lives. Rehabilitation plays an important role in Stroke patients, where both the patient and their family members are thoroughly trained for the follow –up measures to enable the affected patient’s mobility. Although there are several challenges in exactly predicting the prognosis and the final outcome of the treatment, on the basis of evaluations conducted at the time of admission to rehabilitation, it is possible to estimate the outcome.